Socially Responsible Investing: Community Investing

By Siri Yellamraju, Spring 2016 Student Intern

Community investing involves investing money in underserved communities in order to provide resources they do not have access to otherwise. There many community investment opportunities available. Examples include community development banks, credit unions, fixed income and private equity products. Community investing involves improving communities by offering banking services and small loans to fund businesses, non profit groups and housing initiatives to help bolster an underserved community. Investors can purchase CDs from community development banks or but offerings through community development loan funds and venture funds.

In 2005 community investment efforts accounted for only 1% of SRI funds. These efforts helped Native Americans buy back ancestral lands, start businesses, restore salmon and trout to Chinook watershed in Washington state, improve housing and access to high schools in Boston, provided microfinancing in Bangladesh, and many many more. As of 2012, money managers and community investing institutions held $1.41 trillion in ESG assets under management. This reflects significant growth in popularity of community investing.

Investing in communities is extremely rewarding, but can present many risks. Community investing is literally investing in the world. The funds provide individuals with the means to improve their quality of life and sustain their families. It’s a way to ensure the health of our economy on a large scale, and feel the satisfaction of touching a life. Retail investors or individual investors are less tolerant to financial losses but can still participate in community investing. Individual investors can place capital directly with a local community development bank, credit unit, loan fund or affordable housing developer. Individual investors may not be able to manage the money through a firm itself. Fixed-income or bonds are the most likely course of investment for individual investors.

Investors should visit http://www.ussif.org/communityinvesting to learn more about investing in underserved communities.

Socially Responsible Investing: What is ESG?

By Siri Yellamraju, Spring 2016 Student Intern

There are two major strategies involved in SRIs. The first strategy is incorporating Environmental, Community and other societal and corporate governance (ESG) criteria in making portfolios and investment analysis. ESG integration has jumped from $614 billion in 2012 to $4.7 trillion in 2014. ESG criteria is a set of standards that a corporation uses that SRI investors can use to screen investments. The environmental criteria analysis the measures the steps a company takes to proactively protect the environment and comply with existing regulations. The social criteria covers how a company manages labor relationships, relationships with suppliers, customers and communities it is tied to. Governance deals with a company’s directors, leaders, executive pay, audits and shareholder rights. Governance also includes compliance with accounting standards, properly following conflict of interest procedures and functioning in the best interest of the company.

ESG criteria is extremely subjective, and as said in a previous blog post, is not reported on the company’s financial statements. There are very few metrics and many of these factors are self-reported by the company. The ESG criteria analyze the impact the fund has on the environment, market and community. The UN Principles for Responsible Investment details best practices in ESG Investing. It has been signed by nearly 700 investment managers and over 250 asset owners in the world. This includes big names like Blackrock, Fidelity, KKR and CALPERS. Continue reading

Socially Responsible Investing: The Pitfalls of Socially Responsible Investing

siri1By Siri Yellamraju, Spring 2016 Student Intern

In theory, the goal of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) is noble and practical. Who wouldn’t want to pioneer a movement towards investing in only the “good companies” and help the world? Unfortunately, many of the best companies that have generated the best returns and bolstered our economy are also some of the worst culprits in violating human rights laws, environmental regulations and general corporate governance rules. Continue reading

Socially Responsible Investing: Put your money where your mouth is

siri1By Siri Yellamraju, Spring 2016 Student Intern

Investors usually indicate income or growth as their investment objective when filling out an account application form. Another growing investment objective is socially responsible investing. Although investors won’t be able to check off a box that says “socially conscious investing” as an investment objective, they will be able to use certain techniques to make sure they are investing in socially responsible products. Continue reading

Clinic Provides Opportunities Unique in Law School

By Siri Yellamraju, Spring 2016 Student Intern

Like most 24-year-olds, I have very little to no experience with investments. The most investment experience I have is saving my beanie babies from the 90s in hopes that they’d appreciate in value. Other than two corporate finance classes, I really did not have exposure to the stock market and did not understand how it worked in real life. For those reasons, I never applied to the Investor Advocacy Clinic. Maybe it was the blues and spur of the moment decision-making from realizing this was my last semester before graduating law school, but I found myself applying for the Investor Advocacy Clinic the night the application was due. I spent a lot of time on the application, so I was really excited that I had been chosen for the clinic. I was apprehensive about working in an Investor Advocacy Clinic when I had no investing experience and had never taken a Securities law class. I quickly realized, however, that this was not a problem.

One of the great things about the Investor Advocacy Clinic is that even though the subject matter is confusing, the applicable law is pretty easy to digest. In fact, it is really interesting. The law is not built around the confusing technicalities of the products, but instead is built around the way people interact with the products. One of the main claims that the Investor Advocacy Clinic brings against Investment Advisers and Brokers is “suitability.” Brokers and Investment Advisers are required to suggest products that are suitable for the investor based on their age, investment experience, background, personality, wealth, etc. Although this does relate to the technicalities of the products, as long as you understand the basic risk profile of the product it is easy to do a suitability analysis. Surprisingly, the risk profile is easy to understand in comparison to weighing the personality and background facts of the client.

Working in a clinic is a great experience that can’t be matched by even the most “practical” of classes. The homework and problems presented in practical classes is all fake. The problems are in a controlled environment where variables can’t throw the entire process off track. There’s no way a class can reflect the feeling you get when a client visibly becomes nervous and emotional while you’re in a meeting with them. There’s no way a class can teach you what to do when your client refuses to send you documents you’ve asked for 2-3 times. Group projects are a staple in school, but working as a team on a real life problem is different than working as a team on a problem that was tailored for group work. The clinic provides opportunities that cannot be recreated in any class.

I am extremely happy with my decision to participate in the Investor Advocacy Clinic. I really enjoyed the work, making new friends, and exploring a new area of law. I am leaving with tangible skills I know my future employers will appreciate. Working in the Investor Advocacy Clinic is a great investment of a semester of law school. I am hoping that one day, when my beanie babies are finally worth millions, I will still carry these skills and knowledge.

What Your Investment’s Performance Claim Might Not Be Telling You

By: Alexandra Hughes, Spring 2016 Clinic GRA

On April 15, 2016, the SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy issued an Investor Bulletin discussing Performance Claims. The SEC stated that investors “will likely come across sales and marketing materials that describe an investment’s performance” but that performance claims may be presented in a way that doesn’t disclose everything an investor would or should want to know. The SEC advises that before making an investment decision, the investor should understand how information underlying a performance claim “is calculated and presented—and whether or not the claim is reliable and applies to [the investor’s] particular circumstances.”

The Investor Bulletin breaks down understanding performance claims made about an investment into two categories: (1) understanding how the information underlying the performance claim is calculated and presented and (2) evaluating the reliability of that performance claim. Understanding these issues is vital to the prudent investor. The SEC recommends that before an investor relies on a performance claim, they understand these two categories. A summary of the Investor Bulletin is below. Continue reading

Investor Advocacy Clinics

By Kelly Robinson, Spring 2016 Student Intern

If you have been reading our blogs, you may wonder what else it is that we do at the Investor Advocacy Clinic and why we’re here. This week we’ll be discussing how an Investor Advocacy Clinic comes into existence and how it fills a very specific need in the community.

FINRA established the Investor Advocacy Clinic Program in 2007. FINRA realized there was an underserved sect of Americans who had a lack of access to justice when the damages for their investing claims were under $100,000. (If you are not already familiar with the regulatory agency, FINRA, and what it does, we have a wonderful blog post about it here). This is so because if damages are less than $100,000, it is not economically feasible for an attorney to take on the case either on an hourly or contingency basis. For example, when taking a case on a contingency basis, fees are typically about 30%, and that’s only if the case is successful. This means that the client is only able to recover 70% of their losses, again, this is assuming a win. Additionally, attorneys don’t charge on an hourly basis because of the type of work and length of time spent on these cases make it prohibitively expensive to the client. To compensate the attorney would price the client out of the services in the first place.

FINRA created the FINRA Investor Education Foundation to support innovative research and educational projects aimed at those segments of the investing public that could benefit from additional resources, such as grants to researchers and non-profits for educational programs and support.

The Investor Advocacy Clinic at GSU is one of the beneficiaries of the FINRA Investor Education Foundation as it received a grant to establish the clinic. To create the Clinic at GSU, the College of Law had to submit a project concept and application and, once approved, GSU Law was able to establish the Investor Advocacy Clinic in 2013. Currently, the GSU Law Investor Advocacy Clinic is one of eight operating clinics established by a FINRA Investor Education Foundation grant. There are several other clinics that were established outside of the grant process. No matter how they began, many of the clinics are not able to continue (whether funded by grants or otherwise), further demonstrating how hard and costly it is to represent clients with small claims, successful or not.

We have been very lucky here at GSU, not only to have the Clinic, but also to have a great community of lawyers and attorneys that realize there is a lack of access in their field and who want to help fix that. Thankfully, these attorneys are donating their time and resources to our clinic so that we are able to continue to provide services, hopefully well past the confines of the grant money. Not only does this allow us to help represent those who lack such access to justice, but we are also able to offer investor education presentations and write informative blogs such as the one you are reading right now!